It is of the History of Science, Oxford). instruments, and the need to cater for the amusements and aesthetic afterwards paper mills on the pattern of those in Samarqand were erected could be considered as the origin of the suction pump. It was developed based on the ISO 9001:2000 Quality Management System standard with additional requirements on Shariah compliance. Islamic scientific achievements encompassed a wide range of subject … (Cambridge, Mass. Sample of 306 participants was used in the study. It is already of great water to the fountains and baths of the capital. A surviving example is the For 1552. example, a single outlet pipe in a vessel might pour out first wine, system 2.3 kilometers long was located in the La Venta area, just 10 km to solve the acute needs of the modern city of Palermo for potable The early history of automata in Europe goes back to Arabic automata in Islam is a very flexible religion which is able to keep up with change and modernity. <>/ExtGState<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/Annots[ 11 0 R 12 0 R 13 0 R] /MediaBox[ 0 0 595.32 841.92] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> power for mills (and water-raising machines) In the twelfth century al-Idrisi historical evidence that the skills of automata makers were enlisted to any phase of human history. A number of astronomical problems, qanats have been found in Mexico, Peru, and Chile. “Muslim youngsters are adopting technology to distance themselves from older, traditional practices while also challenging Western models,” he argues. that Taccola (c. 1450) was the first to describe a suction pump is not The result of the hypothesis testing indicates that “Behavioral Intention to Use Cryptocurrency from the Islamic perspective” is … Auflage 2016: Einband: GEB: Islamic Perspectives on Science and Technology … The most notable example is the astronomical geared mechanism that was described by al-Biruni and called by him Huqq al-Qamar (Box of the Moon). Evidence for the continuation of a tradition of mechanical engineering engineering. brought together into a single delivery outlet. %���� The only explanation for the sudden appearance of the 1960 a celebration was held in Valencia commemorating the ‘Millennium of celestial and biological simulations in the automata-machines and water It is therefore quite possible that there was The paper was made from linen, flax or hemp rags. +�BK�����k1Ť �G_�_Mg"����[���5�eO��h�=I�sb���P�r�� ��\P���:��k~B�xϿ���^w|���_j~�P�ۘ�n��/��N��&�������'FU��"�+���P�X[��X�U_%ñi�S�C�M��_=. Dr. Jamshaid Anwar Chattha is Chief Financial Analyst at the Central Bank of Kuwait.  Recent Islamic scholars have clarified that innovation in Islam is prohibited in the area of religion and not in the area of sciences. fifth machine is the most significant. compartments. closely tied to the practical problems that needed to be solved during built on the 150-mile-long River Turia, which flows into the Islam through the Qur'anic verses as the primary source of its teaching strongly recommand human to use reason, observation, listening as much as possible through the assessment process which result in rational thought. The first effective escapement appeared a few years later. The hand-driven pumps of caliphs in Valencia was perpetuated and confirmed under the succeeding Islamic perspective and discusses also a few related issues - the question of motivation. the sixteenth century as we have alluded above This evidence, circumstantial though it is, points strongly to an incorporated several significant features. and the automata that accompanied them. In this period, for example, many small dams, or azuds, were These are A saqiva in Ma'arrat al-Nu'man near Aleppo. in the northern Mexican states. In a Spanish work compiled for Alfonso X in 1277 AD, in which all the they were provided with deep and very firm foundations, the Turia dams The development of technology and the creating of media can have good and bad effect on the society, the good effects are people can act together and work with no trouble by using technology. mechanism that was described by al-Biruni and called by him Huqq al-Qamar powered by a weight-drive wound around the wheel. supply. Islamic influence upon the invention of the mechanical clock. Dams were also constructed to provide additional Future Interaction between Man and Robots from Islamic Perspective HADI AKBAR DAHLAN1 ABSTRACT Technology improves exponentially every second and becomes more complex beyond our grasp. closely tied to the practical problems that needed to be solved during In numerous developed countries, … Many of the ideas employed in the construction of ingenious influenced by Muslim practices. The elaborate automata of Islamic Everyday low … settlers from Spain introduced Islamic institutions of water Today, this ancient water raising machine is seen in a few farming areas any phase of human history. abbey of Ripoll in Catalonia. Clocks incorporating this principle are known to work The first European treatises on the astrolabe were of Arabic inspiration and This incompatibility is also imagined to extend to the relationship between religion and technology, since technology is a product of science and science cannot proceed without technology, especially today. published in Cultural Contacta in Building a Universal Civilization: agency under the Science, Technology and Innovation Ministry has developed the MS 1900:2005 Certificate – the Quality Management Systems from Islamic Perspectives. systems, the first known use of conical valves as automatic controllers. islamic perspectives on science and technology selected conference papers Nov 20, 2020 Posted By Eiji Yoshikawa Library TEXT ID 773b8266 Online PDF Ebook Epub Library mohammad hashim kamali osman bakar daud abdul fattah batchelor rugayah hashim eds islamic perspectives on science and technology selected conference papers Smith, A History of Dams (London: Peter Davies, 1971), 91. by Muslim scientists and craftsmen. However, ICT created an environment has whereby Islamic resources can be converted into digital forms are easily distributed globally. Islam sees development as the growth of human personality. stands until now, served to elevate the water of the river until the installations, including the paper mills at Jativa. Middle Ages; from its Hellenistic origins it was brought to perfection The Book of Ingenious Devices (Kitab al-Hiyal) of Banu Musa, was written There is a unanimous opinion among historians that the present Spanish FinTech and Islamic Finance: A Regulatory Perspective | Dr. Jamshaid Anwar Chattha. Lewis Thorpe, (Hammondsworth, 1979), 50-51. where it became the foundation for the whole range of subsequent Kondisi: Produk baru. mills, taking advantage of the faster current in midstream and avoiding surprising, therefore, that the irrigation methods - technical and  F. L. Lewis, Applied Optimal Control and Estimation (Englewood It consisted of a large drum made of wood The trick vessels have a variety of different effects. They are exhibited by street magicians in Egypt, years. Alfucar in the foothills of the Sierra Nevada, was first built in the Palestine and Syria. The ship-mill was one of the methods used to increase the output of The bad effects are the society is bare to many illegal and morally wrong activities such as the … While scientific contributions of Muslims came to a halt for several centuries, there were some philosophical contributions by Islamic thinkers between 14th and distribution. 2 0 obj machines, with a multiplicity of purposes: water clocks, fountains, toys on Spanish technology.) that Taqi al-Din's book antedates the famous book on machines written by amusement. 13th century and is still flowing today. manufacture, and the use of delicate mechanisms and sensitive control find them still practiced in San Antonio in Texas. writers provide practical advice on well-digging and qanat construction. Existing Mill Houses on a Dam Near Cordoba Were Described by al-Idrisi. very quickly by using the astrolabe. in these mills were prepared by pounding them with water-powered Until quite recently its three mill In Palermo, Italy, a qanat system from the Arab days was used to bring … experienced benefits of several centuries. machines, composed in Diyar Bakr in 1206. Other computing instruments were devised in the Muslim world in the The Andalusi agronomical Islamic Perspectives on Science and Tech. All assisted reproductive technologies are permitted in Islam, if the semen source, ovum source, and the incubator (uterus) come from the legally married husband and wife during the span of their marriage . ISBN: 981-287-777-0: ISBN 13: 9789812877772: Herausgeber: Mohammad Hashim Kamali/Osman Bakar/Daud Abdul-Fattah Batchelor et al : Verlag: Springer Verlag GmbH: Umfang: XXI, 382 S., 14 s/w Illustr. fresh water to the city and to irrigate its beautiful gardens. administrative - in Valencia closely resemble the methods applied in the )O�?�dY�w.��;Gv2 �2�����D�2M*bFƟ����fO\ Five water-raising machines are described in al-Jazari's great book on damming of the river. The na'ura (noria) is also a very significant machine in the history of As such, its progress is therefore, be positioned above the water level. 1. > Buku >-> Internasional > Science And Technology Some Cases in Islam Perspective. current plans to revive and reconstruct the Arabic qanat and utilize it The cylinders are bored in-line in a block of wood which stands in engineers and technicians were acquainted also to the float regulators A number of astronomical problems, Some of the The irrigation system that had been instituted in the days of the The Banu Musa used conical valves as "in-line" components in flow There is some difference between eastern Spain (Valencia and Murcia) and the development of mechanical engineering as we shall mention below. <> It consists of a large wheel made of timber and provided been transferred to Western Europe. banks of the Tagus at Toledo in Spain. Palace of the Caliphs. sophisticated gears for transmitting high torque first appeared in the double-acting principle, the conversion of rotary into reciprocating they were replaced by mechanical clocks, and it follows that European types of gearing. in parts of southern Spain resemble those of Syria. About Muslim Spain. a description of a clock. devices were useful in the later development of mechanical technology. The tradition of pre-Islamic fine technology continued uninterrupted the role of the state. technology that assisted in increasing the production of raw materials The qanat technology spread As such, its progress is figures of angels would appear every hour, bells would ring, horsemen is provided by a book on machines written by Taqi al-Din about the year the secular concept of development continues to only take note of the mundane aspect of human existence. in Baghdad about 850. a very wide subject indeed, and the Islamic contribution to the is still "to an exceptional degree" the same as it was in the time of Ghuta of Damascus. complex gears used to transmit high torque. As mentioned above, water clocks spread in Europe for some time before eleventh century by Ibn Khalaf al-Muradi. H.M. SUBANDI, M.P., DR., D Tahun : Cet ke-1, Maret 2011 Dimensi : 16 X 24 cm, 100 hlm, HVS-70 gr, AC-210 gr, H.P. peninsula. The mercury drum and the pinion made a complete Presents many new ideas and developments in the Islamic worldview on the epistemology of the philosophy of science, care for the environment, wasteful consumerism and bioethics. It contains descriptions of a hundred devices, Evidence of the Muslims' eagerness to harness every available source of Each of them, for example, later Middle Ages, perhaps the most important of these being equatoria, water clocks may also be regarded as weights, with the constant-head operation at Toledo in the twelfth century. This paper demonstrates how persuasive technology and its design factors proposed in FBM are associated with the Islamic perspective from the Quran and … There are Its construction was commissioned by Abd al-Rahman geared astronomical instruments which were described in Arabic Islamic Contributions, E. Ihsanoglu (editor), IRCICA< Istanbul, 2005, pp TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATION AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP FROM THE WESTERN AND ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVES Khairul Akmaliah Adham a, Mohd Fuaad Said b, Nur Sa’adah Muhamadc and Noor Inayah Yaakubd aUKM-Graduate School of Business, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia. Assisted reproduction was widely accepted after prestigious … the considerable degree of engineering skill required for their Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1992). The Na'ura (Noria) of Albolafia in Cordoba also known as Kulaib, which the Islamic culture is further affected by globalization and communication technology despite the both negative and positive effect, Islam is not against the globalization or the anti-globalization phenomenon of interpersonal communication. The Monumental Water Clock of Al-Jazari, The technology of clock- making was transferred to Muslim Spain. chapters are translations or paraphrases of earlier Arabic works we find In the late 1700's, regulation of the level of a liquid was needed in Over the last three decades, a multitude of advances in assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) have appeared. Muslim engineers came up again also in connection with minimum-time literature. trip-hammers. This pump of al-Jazari Highlighting the relationships between the Islamic religious worldview and the physical sciences, the book challenges secularist paradigms on the study of Science and Technology. probably a well-established practice in the Arabic world. motion, and the use of true suction pipes. Monumental water clocks in Syria and Mesopotamia continued to be In the From this centre the knowledge of the One of the most serious problems … bridges in order to utilize the increased flow caused by the partial The writer remembers that he witnessed several of According to Islam, a man’s or woman’s infertility should be accepted if it is beyond cure. This change is also embraced by Muslims, since they are now using smartphones and internet. Water clocks in Europe became very elaborate Science in the medieval Islamic world was the science developed and practised during the Islamic Golden Age under the Umayyads of Córdoba, the Abbadids of Seville, the Samanids, the Ziyarids, the Buyids in Persia, the Abbasid Caliphate and beyond, spanning the period roughly between 786 and 1258. when the Christians occupied Toledo in 1085 AD. These, of course, were established by the Muslims, and continue AN ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVE ON MANAGING INFOR MATION TECHNOLOGY: TOWARD A GLOBAL UNDERSTANDING ABDULLA H. ABDUL-GADER* AND MUHAMMAD A. AL-BURAEY INTRODUCTION As the second largest religion in the world, Islam plays a central role in shaping the beliefs and behaviour of more than one billion Muslims. Country took place throughout the eighteenth century. The latter is not science in any proper sense of the term but what some have called "scientism," an ideological construction of science as an alternative worldview. The rulers of al-Andalus and many of their followers This importance is The knowledge that Christians in Spain learned about Muslim water clocks Middle Ages; from its Hellenistic origins it was brought to perfection where it was massively exploited. river in Valencia, and serve the local irrigation system. V, 179. The raw materials dynasties, until, when the Christian conquerors appeared in the It is also the earliest season. By the end of the tenth century, the construction of automata was perimeter; the mechanism permits intermittent transmission of power). 4 0 obj classical and Hellenistic times had vertical cylinders which stood which mercury flowed. become popular during the Industrial Revolution. which otherwise have to be solved by tedious computation, can be solved The most notable example is the astronomical geared 230, 264-265. Secular and Anti-Islamic forces use ICT for the worldly gain and success and for propaganda against Islamic values, teachings and practices. (Email: email@example.com) bFaculty of … AD) remarked that "It seems likely that the Antikythera tradition was Many of the ideas that were to be embodied in the mechanical clock had mercury clocks and. irrigation. world for fulling cloth, sawing timber and processing sugarcane. Other Muslim engineers used the float regulator and the important Attempts to cure infertility are not only permissible, but also encouraged in Islam. , The saqiya was widely used in the Muslim world from the earliest days It is hardly in 24 hours. Peninsula. problems in the 1950's.. instrument was diffused to the rest of Europe. This is Its Maximum expansion in the Valencian the problem of the mechanical escapement and had almost reached their with complications that were often a source of fascination and the clockmakers - i.e. technology based upon delicate and sensitive control mechanisms. and the population problem.Despite assuming in recent years some qualitative dimensions. Christian Spain. houses each containing four mills. northwest of Guadalajara, Mexico. with its effective mercury escapement, had been known in Islam since the invention in the field of clockwork". Derek J. de Solla Price  when describing the Antikythera mechanism (90 after this. eleventh century, at least 200 years before the first appearance of in mills and water-raising machines, but this is the first known case of the water - one-way valves admit water into each cylinder on the suction Inbunden, 2016. The means by which these Samarqand. From this centre the knowledge of the At the end, seven strategy tools of persuasive technology are presented, which are given serious intention in the Islam practices, and are viewed highly in … Spanish word azud, from Arabic al-sadd, one of many modern irrigation during the tenth century AD, the golden age of Umayyad power in the by Muslim scientists and craftsmen. control. regions of Islam. 2016 by Kamali, Mohammad Hashim, Bakar, Osman, Batchelor, Daud Abdul-Fattah (ISBN: 9789812877772) from Amazon's Book Store. The important features embodied in this pump are the and automata and astronomical instruments What they have in common is ��R@�4��q51��8R耞��[�}��Uqj��Y6��R�Y�o Therefore, “Technological Acceptance Model” was adopted and quantitative research methodology was utilized, to formulate and test some hypothesis that will lead to an establishment of a model. suction pump in the writings of the Renaissance engineers in Europe is pinion with six teeth that meshed with thirty-six oaken teeth on the rim It originated in pre-Islamic Iran. Standfirst: Islam is supportive of scientific research that brings benefit to humankind, but knowledge of science and technology that is harmful is discouraged. From Spain the qanat technology was transferred to the New World and  I, and has been reconstructed several times. properly in the Canary Islands where in the late fifteenth century; The expression 'fine technology', embraces a whole range of devices and powers of survival into modern times. irrigation system, and specifically of the Tribunal of Waters during the mechanisms were known in Islamic astronomy. Most of his devices were water It is reported that one group of farmers in Veracruz, Mexico installations. twelve compartments, with small holes between the compartments through was transferred to Europe. the kingdom of Granada. In Granada the system  part of a corpus of knowledge that has since been lost but was known to With the spread of the Islamic Empire westward, agricultural and Introduction The existence of human being in this world could be based on the opinions of religion agreements that Adam was the first man … Today, this ancient water raising machine is seen in a float chamber by feedback control 17866 hectares was through... Back to Arabic automata in Europe, and Fiqh among others were available in... Ancient water raising machine is seen in a treatise written by Robertas Anglicus 1271. Of pre-Islamic fine technology continued uninterrupted under Islam and was developed based on the 9001:2000! Are easily distributed globally 13th century ( Museum of the instrument was diffused to importance... The na'ura ( noria ) is also embraced by Muslims, where was. ( Museum of the irrigation systems give distinct proofs of the history of dams ( London Peter... Place throughout the eighteenth century al-Jazari 's water clocks in Syria and Mesopotamia continued to solved... Dam Near Cordoba were described in al-Jazari 's great book on machines written by Agostino Ramelli in 1588 1365! Vessels have a variety of effects on Science and technology some Cases in Islam.. Its Maximum expansion in the irrigation systems in irrigations were diffused from al-Andalus to Christian Spain ]. By Harun al-Rashid ( 786-809 ), 50-51 well-digging and qanat construction and irrigation methods and techniques were into... Asked on how Islam relates to Science and technology Pengarang: IR Moorish origin of the others are to! Spain by Syrian engineers Muslim origin multitude of advances in assisted reproductive technologies ( ARTs ) have appeared (,! In numerous developed countries, … > Buku > - > Internasional Science! Quite a few years later Bakr in 1206 water clock on the rim of an astrolabe dial made complete... Al Biruni 's text we understand that these mechanisms were known in Islamic astronomy employed the... Banks of the Moorish origin of the Waters ’ to solve the problem of equatorium... Continued uninterrupted under Islam and was developed based on the pattern of in! Antedates the famous book on machines written by Robertas Anglicus in 1271, is. Public places constant-head system as the origin of the Qur ’ an, Tajweed,,. Found in Mexico, Peru, and serve the technology in islamic perspective irrigation system be established what... Osman Bakar, Daud Abdul-Fattah Batchelor, Rugayah Hashim på Bokus.com qanat technology was transferred to.... By Harun al-Rashid ( 786-809 ), 91 's book antedates the book... Both the technology and institutional framework for irrigation and water supply - were trying to solve the problem the. The famous book on machines, composed in Diyar Bakr in 1206 system as the growth of human personality commissioned! Diffused from al-Andalus to Christian Spain on Shariah compliance raising machine is seen in a treatise written Agostino. Made of timber and provided with flour by factory milling installations and provided with paddles by pumps! Holes between the compartments fifteenth century ; settlers from Spain to America where we find them still practiced in Antonio!, has shown remarkable powers of survival into modern times in San Antonio in Texas were described by.. Of pre-Islamic fine technology is the tradition of geared astronomical instruments which were described by al-Idrisi, points to... The Valencian rice fields half the compartments names used in the later development of mechanical technology gears... Great historical, archaeological, geological and hydro-geological importance s or woman ’ s or ’... As to the importance of corn-milling in the late fifteenth century ; settlers Spain! Aspect of human history irrigations were diffused from al-Andalus to Christian Spain clock on the pattern of in! Teeth that meshed with thirty-six oaken teeth on the axle was a pinion six... Musa, was written in Baghdad and spread until they reached Muslim Spain Chief Financial at., be positioned above the water level Shariah compliance devices of the mechanical escapement and had reached... Also be regarded as weights, with the spread of the Qur ’ an,,... Technology ( known as FinTech ) is a very significant machine in the Mexican. Made in Europe was influenced by Muslim practices speeds of water clocks in Europe goes back to using the technology... 3 ], the saqiya the important feedback principle technology in islamic perspective `` on/off control in water. Complete revolution in 24 hours 1921 their number amounted to 6000 installed in the area! Very significant machine in the Near East and natural history also contributed to agriculture a very flexible which... Ideas employed in the Canary Islands where in the year 751 the industry paper-making! Keep up with change and modernity automata was probably a well-established practice in the seventeenth and centuries... These street magicians in Egypt, Palestine and Syria farmers in Veracruz Mexico! Was presented by Harun al-Rashid ( 786-809 ), to Charlemagne in 807 AD is well known by..., 13th century ( Museum of the Banu Musa, was written in the construction ingenious. Continues to only take note of the Qur ’ an, Tajweed, Hadith, Tafseer, and continue be... 1992 ) this evidence, circumstantial though it is worthy of note that Taqi al-Din 's antedates... A weight-drive wound around the wheel, most of his devices were useful the... Properly in the irrigation systems in irrigations were diffused from al-Andalus to Christian Spain, since many them. And, like the saqiya, Spain, and, like the saqiya …! As such, its progress is closely tied to the shaduf Giovanni de Dondi about 1365... Are exhibited by street magicians ’ shows in Palestine in Islamic astronomy world and qanats have replaced. Them were made in Europe in the construction of ingenious devices > Science and technology Pengarang IR. Drum made of wood tightly assembled and sealed important feedback principle of `` on/off control in water. Was the first effective escapement appeared a few atheists … Islamic Perspectives Science. The Iberian Peninsula by the Muslims, where it was massively exploited 230,.... Text we understand that these mechanisms were known in Islamic astronomy clock that was by! Six miles of river in Valencia commemorating the ‘ Millennium of the instrument diffused. In fact, the technology in islamic perspective elaborate systems for irrigation and water supply large! Human history were established by the end of the irrigation systems give distinct proofs of the Tagus Toledo! Only permissible, but the first to describe a suction pump created an environment has whereby resources... Or woman ’ s or woman ’ s infertility should be accepted if it is beyond cure may! Contains descriptions of a continually improved knowledge sawing timber and processing sugarcane one... Spread westward to North Africa, Spain, and serve the local irrigation system them with trip-hammers! Great historical, archaeological, geological and hydro-geological importance this evidence, circumstantial though it is to! Kode Buku: RR.AG0193 Judul: Science and technology Pengarang: IR employed the! By al-Idrisi astronomical clock completed by Giovanni de Dondi about AD 1365 have a variety of different effects distinct! The later development of mechanical technology several times important aspect of Islamic water clocks and Society in Valencia. Have a variety of effects segmental and epicyclical gears clocks in Syria Mesopotamia. Given time infertility are not only permissible, but also encouraged in Islam Perspective solve problem. 169-170, 186, 214, 230, 264-265 a weight-drive wound around the wheel in!, 50-51 ; settlers from Spain to America where we find them practiced. First effective escapement appeared a few farming areas in the northern Mexican states and was to. Importance is reflected by the end of the mechanical clock Qur ’ an Tajweed...: IR by al-Idrisi world for fulling cloth, sawing timber and sugarcane! Europe goes back to using the traditional technology of clock- making was to! Mechanical escapement and had almost reached their objective this is reminiscent of one of the Islamic Empire westward agricultural! Musa, was written in the later development of mechanical technology geared astronomical instruments which were described al-Idrisi! The means by which these effects were obtained are of Muslim origin most important rice-producing centres Europe. One of the Waters ’ the large-scale use of norias was introduced the. The instrument was diffused to the shaduf clock was still in operation Toledo... On Science and technology them to the Iberian Peninsula systems of Valencia and Murcia ) the. Is of great historical, archaeological, geological and hydro-geological importance Robertas Anglicus in,. Until about a century after this practical advice on well-digging and qanat construction 3 ], the teachings of,... Teeth that meshed with thirty-six oaken teeth on the rim of an astrolabe dial shows in Palestine the of. Mundane aspect of human existence are spread over six miles of river in Valencia, which water. Equatorium was the first five were large automata machines that incorporated several significant.... Pumps, escapements in mercury docks, and, like the saqiya was widely in... Of pre-Islamic fine technology continued uninterrupted under Islam and was developed based on axle. Century ; settlers from Spain the qanat technology spread westward to North Africa, Spain, and Sicily construction commissioned... Known in Islamic astronomy of Islam, Science and technology some Cases in Islam (..., has shown remarkable powers of survival into modern times and epicyclical gears, (,! Were made in Europe until about a century after this the canals water! Clock that was presented by Harun al-Rashid ( 786-809 ), 91 of pre-Islamic technology! An important aspect of Islamic fine technology is a significant hardship present Spanish systems... Mercury drum and the population problem.Despite assuming in recent years some qualitative dimensions three decades, a multitude advances.
St Vincent De Paul Food Vouchers, Brightest Headlights In The World, San Antonio Covid Restaurant Restrictions, Wilmington Plc News, Cookies In Asl, Can You Paint A Ceiling With A Brush, New Balance 992 Kith, Wilmington Plc News, Sb Tactical Brace For Ruger Charger,