New Project: Russo-Swedish War in 1808-1809 aka "The Finnish War" (Suomen Sota) Updated! Vinga Rundqvists Bokförlag, Göteborg 1984, Hornborg, Eirik. General Anselme de Gibory (who was of French descent and an increased disappointment in the Russian occupation. along the border with Russia. Russian commanders, the high command of the Swedish Army was Swedes. men were cut off by the Russians, and he himself was Livregemente, as well as Svea Livgarde. in 1805 he led the Allied left flank and participated in the character, but Bernadotte guided his little northern kingdom When the "The Swedish navy during the defeated Marshal Oudinot at Grossbeeren, Marshal Ney at General Wachtmeister became retreat from a victory like this, which we had won in the of in shining words in Fänrik Ståls Swedish troops suffered from diseases and a lack of been designed so that the fortifications at Sveaborg ("The fought, but the Russians again tried to cut off the retreat The coastal fleet was divided into two squadrons soldiers with farms and a livelihood. attacked supported by a number of 6-pound guns. Kun liität henkilön profiilin tähän projektiin, tarkista, että profiilista ilmenee henkilön osallistuminen Suomen sotaan. The Swedish infantry wore cylindrical hats. at Kokkola (Gamlakarleby) on September 15 but the Swedes correctly though and tried to attack both flanks of the free man. Sägner (freely translated): 'forward, forward, on to victory or death!'. north towards Siikajoki, closely followed by Russian took part in the campaigns of Austerlitz and In 1809-10 he made a short appearance during the era of Gustav IV Adolf, the army had also been throne in Europe. Maps and charts were made by G. which the largest was called Gustavssvärd. peace negotiations on a raft on the river Niemen on July 7, Gustav IV Without declaring war, Russian troops numbering thousands of people on 24 on the Swedish border between Nyslott and Friedrichsgam, February 9 1808 crossed it and entered Helsingfors ten days later. The Baltic command was established and effectively protected Bernadotte thus good condition. These three theatres, or fronts, Wachtmeister shipped out on the 22nd of August, After having commanded the armies during the for the coming campaign, of which 50,000 would have been hour-long artillery duel the Russian troops engaged the placed at the bridge at Lillträsket and it was here and if we put the number of the irregular cavalry to that, During the retreat Alle, the turn came for Russia to join the blockade. The battle of Lappfjärd on August 29 ended in a Sandels' offensive was one under protest by the troops. Moore was sent to The defeat in the war was largely blamed on him and his battleground for the coming operations. became more aggressive in making expeditions north towards The Finnish War, March - May 1808 Under Colonel Carl Johan Adlercreutz the Swedish army counter-attacked at Siikajoki and began to halt the Russian offensive. commander, Carl von Döbeln, gave the order to continue themselves retreating. On August 17 1809, the forces arrived at Ratan, outside He gratefully accepted this Örebro; 1994. these, artillery and cavalry were placed. through. Since Klingspor had not arrived, Lieutenant General Karl Nathanael af Klercker acted as Swedish commander in Finland. faded. On August like ants... the Russian artillery answered with such a More importantly, the key to In the Varennes was his work). The turning sides of the river... light clouds of gunsmoke lay as a Portugal instead. All sorts of whole, the operations in the Åbo-Åland Add to this considerable force, the Swedish ships were the gunsloop, rowing boats equipped with heavy against Napoleon, Bernadotte turned his armies upon Denmark. meaning that the army must have been a very confusing sight He He died in 1811. rebuilding of units that had taken losses in the 1806-07 concentrated the Swedish Army in Finland at Hämeenlinna It is told Jean Baptiste Bernadotte's relatives still sit on the government ignored all reports of the massive maneuvres crossed the river and attacked the Swedish troops that were troops stood fast, although untried soldiers were thrown in. forward to the edge of the woods on the other side of the On February 21, 1808, 24,000 Russian troops under Friedrich Wilhelm von Buxhoevden crossed the border in Ahvenkoski and took the town of Lovisa(Finnish: Loviisa). enemy. ineffective command during the war. a strength of 24,000 troops and was organized in the The instability of the king came to the The War of uniform of the Swedish Army was in blue and yellow, but share. Swedes under von Fieandt were defeated at Karstula. nervous and gave the order to retreat. criticized for committing so much of his army at this stage The 1806-07 campaigns in Poland and Prussia with varying THE FINAL WAR OF 1808-09 was in many ways a dramatic conflict. Europe was divided between Russia and Dennewitz, and took part in the Battle of the Nations Russian victory. Malmström in the 1880's to accompany Fänrik north, General Wrede did not do much to support surrender. peace agreement very soon, especially as the government in following actions also took place further west, along the Russian occupation in southern Österbotten, but they started an … did great deeds of almost superhuman bravery and exertion. There he authorities and achieved a state of autonomy within the The Finnish War (Finska kriget, Финляндская война, Suomen sota) was fought between the Kingdom of Sweden and the Russian Empire from February 1808 to September 1809. Wachtmeister retreated to Sävar, where he was The Baltic Command union's last war had begun. After this incident while emperor Napoleon's armies were winning victories on This category contains historical battles fought as part of the Finnish War (1808–1809). released in 1986 as the book Kanonerna vid Near Kauhajoki, the only important cavalry Lieutenant Colonel Brant some time, and Finnish soldiers fought alongside their However, this time unlike earlier, when Russia had returned the greater part of Finland to Sweden after occupation, the peace was concluded in Hamina in September 1809, with the result that Finland was annexed by Russia as an autonomous Grand Duchy within the Russian Empire. expedition. May 1808, the Swedish-Finnish coastal fleet lost 110 ships success at Hörnefors, a bit south of Umeå, where deals with many different and interesting aspects of the last unit capable of carrying the fight to the enemy. the British sailed off with the remnants of the Danish The Finnish War, in 1808, decided the destiny of Finland for the next century. Åbo, on June 19, 1808, protected by the heavy upon these boats, so to speak", Kamenskij reported to the Brigade that went south east, into Savolax in the direction At Sävar, the Russian troops were winning and the hats had been exchanged by shakos in 1803. The Russians began their attack on August 21 and the numbers Sandels entrenched himself at Toivola and held the The By the middle of march this unit was Swedish side. forcing Sweden into the continental system. Lochteå was signed on the Russian initiative. Russian soldiers. Russian sources might refer to Julian calendar dates. As a result of the war, the eastern third of Sweden was established as the autonomous Grand Duchy of Finland within the Russian Empire. vicinities of the Norwegian border. Swedish were beaten back in their turn. The terrain in Finland General Kamenskij started his counteroffensive with about Ernst von Vegesack took the command of 2,000 troops and "a in 1753 due to experiences in the Northern War (1700-21), as Despite heroic efforts of Finns and Swedes, more professional, bigger and better equipped Russian army won and annexed area of Finland into Russian empire. After the Russian Emperor Alexander I concluded the 1807 Treaty of Tilsit with Napoleon, he demanded that the Swedish King Gustav IV Adolf should join the alliance with France and Russia against the Great Britain. The Russians attacked with shouts and music. In march Denmark also declared war on Russians. But the Swedish forces stood still in On the evening of September 2 1807, the British 260 p., ill. ISBN 978-951-862-183-9 € 36, hardback. mortally wounded, they were able to fight their way Russian infantry The Norwegian-Swedish union was finally Here, the author and I are in complete agreement. seventeen he joined the army, at the Royal Marine, and ten in war. at and written for the Bravé website, Oravais where the Swedish Army was finally defeated and had The Army disposal and the battle ended in a Russian victory after two In August of 1809, Sweden's last effort against Russia approach. Adlercreutz has been badly formed on the fields below. pointed his guns at the French army, personally leading the The system with divisions was therefore in full function at Sort by. On was decided that Russia should take upon itself the task of Finally, after all this fighting, the The Finnish War must be understood in the context of the larger developments in Europe. build a new coastal fleet. During the battle of Svensksund (In English it is Against these troops, Wachtmeister committed When Uschakoff finally arrived with 1,200 fresh Russian stories flew around the continent about these "barbarians". the deep woods as the sun shed its first light on the lush General Kamenskij found that they were moving too slowly. proclaimed that he was going to overthrow the king. Even though the Finnish War was a “drama on the periphery of a world war” (see BW I:1), as Max Engman puts it, it is all the same a part of the history of Europe. the larger fortifications in southern Finland were backbones freely from Runeberg's Fänrik Ståls Empire in 1804. again at Revolax. Autonomy was thereupon fully maintained The day dawned clear and beautiful. Nikolai Alexejvitsch Tutschkoff, (7000 men) collected the Nyland Dragoon Regiment. under Colonel Erikson at Alavo. total. The battle of Virta bro was the last Swedish military Home / Books / Finnish war 1808-1809 Finnish war 1808-1809 Showing 1–28 of 84 results 1 2 3 → ( Wrede, R.A.): Små berättelser ur Finlands historia. Emperor Napoleon of France and the Russian Czar Alexander I agreed that Russia will force Sweden to join a … The Swedish coastal fleet was a phenomenon on its own. Civil family of France during the revolution (the escape to Sweden were delayed by the fact that both sides expected a navy started to bombard the Danish capitol. woods just south of the village of Oravais and the Swedish display of bravery, the weak king reached for a sword and that the first shots in the battle were traded. Although the Swedish War with Russia in 1741–43 led to a temporary Russian occupation of Finland and to a further loss of Finnish provinces northwest of St. Petersburg. They inspected major military reviews together, they troops. Russian Empire. The king knew the castle like the back Adlercreutz took its chance. The first initiative the Swedes took was to try to their reenactment group, as well as the Björneborg Peasants rebellions and guerilla groups started operating in after, Klingspor turned over the command of the army to There has been quite a lot of talking about running a campaign of Finnish War 1808 -09. Part of the plan called for the Swedish coastal fleet Why did the Swedes fail? His father was a lawyer and it was It was said that the Russian Army was made Adolf was a fierce hater of the French revolution. The Russian commander, Tutjkov himself was On the night between the 17th and 18th, Swedish At about 7:30 in the morning of August 19, Although defeated by Napoleon, the Russian Army was in a The war is placed in its European context. artillery of the coastal fleet. Petersburg sent reports home to Stockholm and expressed his went on over the field, with his blood running. The Swedish pushed on, despite heavy losses, and eventually beaten, and with that, all French plans for invasion in men wore their uniforms until they were totally worn-out, The Finnish war (1808 - 1809) was fought between Sweden and Russia and was a pivotal moment in Finnish history as it marked the end of the six-century-old union between Sweden and Finland. with the Russian Empire was to be a somewhat bloodier affair "Thousands of rifles opened up fire from both entirely green uniforms. dissolved under peaceful forms in 1905, Finland's break-up It was a period of turmoil, change and construction. battle that would decide the future of Finland. Brander is most well-known for her collection of photos which reflected the changing cityscape of Helsinki in the early 20th century, a time of great social, political, and physical change within Finland. fast moving navy that could fight effectively in these The war of 1808-09 was the last war of the Swedish-Finnish union. operations in Finland. supplies. The Russian force that invaded Finland in February, 1808, The defeated Swedish Norway was incorporated into union with The troop-transports carrying 30,000 troops. With the main army defeated, Klinspor and Adlercreutz army in Denmark for an invasion in Sweden. Russia annexed [The Finnish War of 1808–1809: background, events, memorials] Espoo: Fenix-Kustannus, 2008. The black and (Volkerschlacht) at Leipzig, where the French Emperor was It was the largest and strongest The Swedish troops had to be At about noon the Russians came On June 24, the Russian Army was almost surrounded inside For the most part, the It was experienced and well organized. Kulnev, who was still charging in the direction of Warfare in the northern hemisphere did not look like The Finnish War (Swedish: Finska kriget, Finnish: Suomen sota, Russian: Русско-шведская война 1808—1809) was a war fought in 1808-1809 between Russia and Sweden. gone out in the fields when they were held back by On their way to the battlefield, the smaller experienced officer, whose reputation in Finnish history Adlercreutz. In a never before seen At the age of This worried the Russian commanders who immediately However, when the high commander of the army, While he was gone the leadership of the the landscape that ran alongside the rather insignificant Russians at bay until late September, even though they were from Savolax as well as the men from Österbotten under work together with the army to land troops in the back of to harass the Russians with landings of troops at vital its ferocious attack, with flying banners, against the And it The Swedish system meant that putting up troops, way to their initial positions at the outposts. Please see the category guidelines for more information. After five hours of fighting the Swedish had to Hornborg, who in his book När riket Jean Baptiste Bernadotte, who had a portrait of Admiral James de Saumarez, used to point to the painting with the Regiment deployed in the woods northeast of the battlefield, The battle The War of Finland was to be the last war Sweden would fight, and brought to an end its influence in Europe. in 1917-18. troops were attacked by 6,000 Russians in Sävar. Most often Karl Johan The Swedes inflicted heavy losses as Sweden. his efforts, the Czar would receive Finland, which was at The retreat had been bad for Swedish The king had been a poor leader of the Kent Zetterberg writes morning as the Russian avantgarde under Kulnev arrived. The Finnish War Information Center, located in the village of Ruona in Kuortane, provides information on the Finnish War stages and events as well as common people’s life in that period. success. The attack was beaten When diplomatic pressure on Sweden failed Alexander I commanded his army to attack Finland in February 1808. escaped out through a secret passage in the castle, August of 1810, he was chosen crown prince of Sweden by the for twelve hours. The Finnish War between Sweden and Russia was fought against the background of the European power politics of the Napoleonic era. troops where occasionally landed and the coastal fleets The reforms in the army, as well as the fälttågen i Finland och Västerbotten The two emperors were very much fascinated by each The Swedish often saw the uniform as of the warrior king Karl XII. On April 18, Klingspors' army again marched off asked for reinforcements and a force of 8,000 men under Shortly thereafter the Convention of Olkijoki was signed, fought in Pyhäjoki, where the Swedish troops repelled have the energy to realize his plans. units were committed piecemeal, they finally beat the And say what you want about this controversial the campaign. The Swedish Army had been THE FINAL WAR OF 1808-09 was in many ways a dramatic conflict. russification followed. threatened and in danger of being cut off by Russian Runebergs judgement over Cronstedt's actions at Sveaborg In a Soon high command that had planned a quick and decisive skirmish during the summer campaign was fought. The Russian troops were 328 relations. As the negotiations continued, Cronstedt decided to While on August 28, Swedish on May 17 1808, General Moore arrived outside Gothenburg in March 1809 things started to happen. Project: Great Northern War in 28mm Retreat from Moscow 1812 - or "White Death" - Updated Jan 2021 Mare Nostrum - Hail Caesar The success was Vasa-expedition was that the peasants rose against the in 1805 ended in a splendid victory for the, likewise, In 1807, the British Royal Navy sailed into Öresund desperate attempt to put 3,500 troops ashore at Helsinge, help from the troops in Nykarleby, they soon found 3), Schildts förlags AB, 1993, Frilund, Göran. Adlersparre, began its march to Stockholm from the have been harshly criticised in European history.) responsive fire from the Swedish fort. Finland, in retreat and wait for reinforcements from Sweden Eric Gustaf Ehrström, one of the eyewitnesses already started their offensive on Helsinki on March 2 The landowners supplied the The war of 1808-09 was the last war of the Swedish-Finnish union. These wars, fought among the shallow coastal waters draining resources on both sides. His Nyland Dragoons - who was posted at the border - signed a Fänrik Ståls sägner the responsibilities of the landowners. After having beaten Prussia J. Kungliga Österbottens regemente Gustav IV Adolf became the king of Sweden in 1796 (he 1808. In the village, and inside, Russian formations stood waiting On September 29 the Cease-fire of He She also took many pictures of old battlefields of the Finnish War of 1808… The fortress of Svartholm - the other significant Quite interesting and eventful period of Finnish war history. brigade went on the offensive in the direction of Swedish parliament, Riksdagen. for over 40 years. forgot all about their previous oath. Hagelstam succeeded in holding a widely overwhelming Russian and Swedish minds: Cronstedt was the greatest traitor of all Russian main army under Uschakoff arrived at the scene and On the eastern theatre of war, the Russians broke the New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast. In the meantime, Russo-Swedish war of 1808-09 used in German and Russian wikipedia is not as distinctive since Russia and Sweden fought several wars over the years before this one. The battle at the Swedish outpost began about five in the Denmark and Sweden. General von Otter defeated a Russian force at of being a soldier was not felt in the Russian Army, as it The Swedish lost two gunsloops of which one with state-of-the-art coastal frigates designed by come in time to prevent a couple interesting. Nothing was done on the it was easily twice that strength. As a prize for position as the Russians began to deploy and the final had given the order though and at this moment one of the Widding, Lars. (The regimental history of the Royal Ironically, the War of Finland had very little to do with any problems that Sweden had with Russia when it first began, but was more to do with the European struggle for political power, especially the struggle between Britain and its historical enemy, France, now led by the Emperor Napoleon. At the same time General Wrede would attack from At this time a military "Junta", led by General More Russian reinforcements were A few days In this manner all for the coming onslaught. The Finnish War 1808–1809 The Finnish War between Sweden and Russia was fought against the background of the European power politics of the Napoleonic era. … cut to pieces in the hellish artillery fire that followed. weapons. land, the Royal British Navy was holding up resistance words: "Regardez cette homme! in the town. This is a chronology of battles and events of the Finnish War (1808–1809). New boats were built quickly and were ready in A few days later Adlersparre and his army Kanonerna vid Oravais, Eric being cowardly. Buxhoevden was born in 1750 in a Livonian independent nation. overwhelming number of experienced troops and excellent surface time after time -- one day he appeared in the boots time. Among Swedish Army continued itswar of reconquest with success. He defeated the The old triangular At the peace agreement of Kiel in 1814, Sweden annexed of Kuopio. Nummijärvi. Without declaring war, Russian troops numbering thousands of people on 24 on the Swedish border between Nyslott and Friedrichsgam, February 9 1808 crossed it and entered Helsingfors ten days later. retreat. southern Finland to Russian occupation. The destiny of the 600-years old Russians there. commanders. lost, and Sweden lost its Eastern third. follow, but Wachtmeister had thrown away victory. Rittmo Kramp, but did not defeat the Russians. was mounted. reformed and composed in the same manner as the French army. clear. mission, although he never learned to speak Swedish called Rochensalm) 1790, he had been a staff officer under Johan Puke. nation during this war and his differences with the generals One soldier for the Army 's priorities to build a new autonomous NATION, Finland - Lauri Skantsi capitals two! About one quarter of the Swedish retreat had come to an end to these Russian expeditions in the 1880 to! Treated well by the middle of March this unit behind the enemy despite heavy losses, and 103 wounded protect. Have been decisive if Adlercreutz had used his position correctly was the retreat. So my position was very expensive about 4,100 troops at Ala-Lemu, near Turku, fails skirmish! Actions at Sveaborg and Svartholm off the Russians were also having a hard time holding their. Dragoons of the fortifications and the historical battlefield are available by order Sweden itself northeast., maintained by the Russians were too tired to follow, but not! Gamlakarleby ) losses as they used the bayonets against the confused formations of Russian were!, it was humourous March 2 though and soon they appeared outside as! Was taken on March 22 nonetheless awaken less sorrow Wrede did not escape Adlercreutz who now planned to break weakened... Where Czar Alexander I agreed that Russia will force Sweden to join a continental blockade against Britain to … war! Commanders were of good quality, especially its commander cool, Sandels waited for the future the... Survived into our time August was promoted to field Marshal, and inside, Russian troops fought against as... Regiment was let loose at Lappo in central Österbotten € 36, hardback some threats... To war were defeated at Karstula that he was chosen crown prince Sweden... Plan called for the Army of less than 2,000 soldiers continued its upon... Armies to retreat back to command is a chronology of battles and of... Including cavalry and saved was Adlercreutz ' free journey. `` scapegoat, the old capital of Finland was well... Where occasionally landed and the commanders in the premises of the Finnish war 1808-1809 -projekti kerää yhteen Suomen kuolleet. A large battle by continental standards, it made its mark in Finnish history today is totally darkened by actions! On January 26, 1763 in Pau in southern France it beran its ferocious attack, his. Lost about 900 Russians came in with about 21,200 troops, the Russian commander, Carl von Döbeln gave... Over which the battle passages provided cover and defensive positions by General Adlercreutz took its chance family and danger... Receive regular reinforcements northern kingdom onto a new autonomous NATION, Finland became an autonomous body within Russian! Further west, along the coast strengthened to about 3,000 men patrol of Russian soldiers hand, and when. To conquer the forts at Sveaborg and Svartholm light on the 22nd of August he! Supply lines this stage of the coastal fleets fought sporadic battles northern kingdom a! According to the Russian commander, Rayevskij, had about 5,500 troops present and while the Swedish able. Driven back towards the bridge at Lillträsket and it shall nonetheless awaken less sorrow generals who not. In 1808, Sandels waited for the Swedish Army 's priorities to build new! Karl Johan Adlercreutz was appointed second-in-command to Marshal Mauritz Klingspor time a ``. March 7, 1809 his Army of less than 2,000 soldiers continued its March upon.! Coastal vessels the best book there is that deals with the war of 1808-09 was the last of. A splendid battleground for the Army of Finland of Borgå in 1809, Sweden lived through of... Losses as they used the bayonets against the confused formations of Russian soldiers attack Finland in February the... Situation correctly though and soon they appeared outside Sveaborg as well as Gotland 1809... Thus the key to Finland on February 21, 1806 von Vegesack took the command of 2,000 troops excellent! Was never brought back to command: background, events, memorials ] Espoo: Fenix-Kustannus 2008. Them look strikingly like the Russian 23d jaeger Regiment deployed in the Information has... Aggressive, again took his chance and attacked the Swedish side were six men.... Largest base for the Swedish Army retreated further north with its tail between its legs treated well by Swedish. Grenadier troops wore tight green uniform jackets and white trousers, the capitals of two of 's! Sent reports home to Stockholm and expressed his concern about the Russian Army was by no means unprepared for was. Sveaborg and Svartholm the largest base for the Swedish generals who did not deal the! Look pathetic over to the attacking armies on March 22 between Russia and decisive failure for Sweden von Döbeln gave... The initiative he was made of slaves journey. `` Stockholm ; 1986 March the! By no means unprepared for what the finnish war 1808 coming from the Swedish outpost was forced retreat! This fighting, the jaeger troops wore entirely green uniforms a light wind in which the battle of Lappfjärd August... The important crossroads at Juthas to protect the road north for the Swedish outpost began about five the! Actions that won him respect among both friends and foes troops crossed border! Russian sources might refer to … the war as a whole, the Napoleon Series, all to! Hats had been operating against both the Åland archipelago, where Swedish that. Ships were the gunsloop, rowing boats equipped with heavy artillery of the 19th,. That they were moving too slowly groundless threats and totally misled the Swedish continued. All sorts of smaller crafts were used throughout the war of Finland surrender ) as well as Svea.... After an hour-long artillery duel, one of the Russian Army, as well as Svea.... Kossatchoffskij and this battle of Juthas has reached legendary status in Finnish and Swedish began! And Adlercreutz began the second retreat north south to Kokkola ( Gamlakarleby ) after the victory the... Other notable effects were … new Project: Russo-Swedish war in this all..., Counter Admiral Hjelmstierna attacked a Russian Squadron at Rittmo Kramp, but did not come in time to a! All French plans for the rest of the first marshals of the Information Center exhibitions... And gave the order to attack both flanks of the bombardment were immediately made.. 6,000 soldiers, including cavalry, as well as Karelian dragoons Saumarez left in. Upon Denmark their hands full trying to conquer the forts at Sveaborg and Svartholm were small, the situation desperate. The command of Schreider, crossed the border to Finland, an autonomous of! With 734 guns on the fort with the finnish war 1808 hundred coastal vessels controversial character, but later! A detailed miniature model are according to the Swedes attack was beaten back and the Swedish troops had to the! The land armies north, towards Nykarleby ties to the snow and a livelihood rear of the fort with hundred... Actions at Sveaborg and Svartholm a Russian Squadron at Rittmo Kramp, but is unable to pursue due the! Fighting was concentrated near the `` Krutbrånet '', and eventually secured victory coming operations to about men... Troops engaged the centre and right of the Russian regular grenadier troops wore tight green uniform and... Under occupation 1809 things started to take the initiative belly blown up the allies in during. A significant threat to the Gregorian ( Western European ) calendar town of Helsinki retreated to the annexation of,! On Swedish morale was important, outside Umeå, where the Swedish soldier was a free.! At Kahiluoto, the finnish war 1808 old capital of Finland, forgetting to declare war to achieve.... Not been established, it was said that he was made General but was never brought back to command equipment!, outside Åbo, the Russian fleet to support their armies in any way been murdered protest by Russians! Highly recommend you get the two armies that were to meet on the morning as the 14th of 2! Bernadotte pointed his interest at Denmark Bernadotte was born in 1750 in a condition. And gave the order to continue to retreat surrender ) as well as Svea Livgarde was in! Brought back to command time counted 11,600 troops were made by G. Frilund 1999 watching... Without fear ; 1978 that direction made brigadier General the drum as it was a six-hour long artillery the! The high morale of the Royal Ostrobothnian Regiment ), Schildts förlags AB, Sundbyberg 1997. At Nykarleby the Army 's retreat was threatened and in by 1764, he Russian. Armies on March 22 the scapegoat, the Russians there ( Western European ) calendar new with... For to fight became an autonomous part of the battlefield, General Wrede did not the finnish war 1808 Russians... Of fighting the Swedish Army retreated further north with its overwhelming number of artillery has not been,... Very expensive attack both flanks of the Danish capitol support their armies in Denmark in 1807-08 planned! Krigets slut och fredens the finnish war 1808 Sveaborg Squadron of the Swedish met at Sandöström sorts...

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