For discussion on the subject of baptism, see my Commentary on Matthew. and versions, with Mark 1:5, add ποταμω, the river Jordan; but the definitive article, with which the word is generally accompanied, both in the Hebrew and the Greek, is, sufficient; and our article the, which should ever be used in the translation, expresses the force of the other. 5 And seeing the multitudes, he went up into a mountain: and when he was set, his disciples came unto him: 2 And he opened his mouth, and taught them, saying, 3 Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. The dismissing a wife for other cause than unfaithfulness, did not dissolve the marriage. saving for the cause of fornication; which must not be taken strictly for what is called fornication, but as including adultery, incest, or any unlawful copulation; and is opposed to the sense and practices of the Pharisees, who were on the side of Hillell: who admitted of divorce, upon the most foolish and frivolous pretences whatever; when Shammai and his followers insisted on it, that a man ought only to put away his wife for uncleanness; in which they agreed with Christ. Matthew 5:38-42 The lex talionis or the law of retaliation is an attempt to enact fair justice among the people of ancient Israel. MATTHEW 8-28 - click for sermons below. They, therefore, whoever they may be, who are divorced for any cause except the single one of adultery, if they marry again, are, according to the Scriptures, living in adultery. 4 Blessed are they that mourn: for they shall be comforted. Coasts of Judea beyond Jordan.Probably our Saviour was then going from Galilee up to … No earthly laws can trample down the laws of God, or make that right which he has solemnly pronounced wrong. The teaching in regard to divorce belongs properly under the exposition of the seventh commandment. The application to the case of a man is not only required by the spirit of Christ’s teaching in general, but by the fact that He is here speaking of and condemning the sin of the man. Facing the Storms of Life Matthew 8:23-27; 5. To oppose it is not only unchristian, but to demoralize the family, and to make war against the welfare of humanity. But if he was free to marry again, then the guilt of adultery could not possibly attach to her subsequent marriage with another. Our Saviour in Mark 10:1-12, says that this was permitted on account of the hardness of their hearts, but that in the beginning it was not so. Verses 13-16. See also Mark 10:1-12.. Verse 1. Yet it is not the law in its purity which he quotes and corrects. And let not the husband put away his wife-Except for the cause of adultery. In Matthew 25:34, Jesus said that on the Day of Judgment He would say to His people, Come, you blessed of My Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world. 3 John 1:2 . — By marrying her who is still bound by an unbroken marriage tie to her former husband, who has unlawfully dismissed her. . R. Akiba says, if he finds another more beautiful than her, as it is said, Deuteronomy 24:1 "and it come to pass that she find no favour in his eyes."'. on StudyLight.org Thus, Jesus was absolutely identified as the one who would baptize in the Holy Spirit, with the necessary deduction that the same was the Messiah. Matthew 5:32 But I tell you that anyone who divorces his wife forces her to be guilty of adultery. (Matthew 5:32) It is this thought that I shall attempt to draw out briefly, and apply to our own case and … To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament, Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, But I say unto you; that whosoever shall put away his wife, whosoever shall marry her that is divorced, committeth adultery, But I say unto you, That whosoever shall put away his wife, saving for the cause of fornication, causeth her to commit adultery, and whosoever shall marry her that is divorced, that every one that putteth away his wife, saving for the cause of fornication, maketh her an adulteress, whosoever shall marry her when she is put away committeth adultery, That every one that putteth away his wife, saving for the cause of fornication, maketh her an adulteress, Whosoever shall marry her when she is put away committeth adultery, кроме вины прелюбодеяния, повод прелюбодействовать, — Our Lord has quoted the words of Moses, and seems to oppose them with this, Yet it is not the law in its purity which he quotes and corrects. It is the Greek representative of the Hebrew Ge-Hinnom, or Valley of Hinnom, a deep, narrow glen to … but I say to you that everyone who divorces his wife, except for the reason of unchastity, makes her commit adultery; and whoever marries a divorced woman commits adultery. ‘Hath been said’ (here and Matthew 5:33; Matthew 5:38; Matthew 5:43), is an unnecessary But what he does oppose and correct is that law as it is uttered by the mouth of those who quote it for licentious purposes, making it the means of all that dissoluteness described in our note on. Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete) / Ephesians / Ephesians 5; Share Tweet. The commentators on this passage say that the determination of the matter is, according to the school of Millell; so that, according to them, a woman might be put away for a very trivial thing: some difference is made by some of the Jewish doctors, between a first and second wife; the first wife, they say, might not be put away, but for adultery; but the second might be put away, if her husband hated her; or she was of ill behaviour, and impudent, and not modest, as the daughters of Israel. Verse 12. (St. Augustine, de bon. Of these contending views, that which is intermediate between the two extremes seems to be most in harmony with the true meaning of our Lord’s words. Jump to: Our Saviour brought marriage back to its original intention, and declared that whosoever put away his wife henceforward, except for one offence, should be guilty of adultery. Tons more resources, better tools, NIV84 and easier navigation. Matthew 5 But I say to you, that whoever divorces his wife, except for fornication, causes her to commit adultery; and whoever marries a woman who is separated but not divorced, commits adultery. But the Lord - Christ; by his express command, Matthew 5:32. Whether the innocent party, after a just divorce, may lawfully marry again, is not treated of here. He does not oppose Moses. Click on the link to view Craig S. Keener, Matthew (IVP New testament Commentary Series; Downer’s Grove: IVP, 1997). He does not oppose Moses. The injured husband would still be bound to the wife who had broken the vow which was of the essence of the marriage-contract. Jesus forbids divorce except for unfaithfulness. Matthew 19:9.See note on Matthew 5:32. μὴ ἐπὶ πορν.] But I say unto you, That whosoever shall put away his wife, saving for the cause of fornication, causeth her to commit adultery - that is, drives her into it, in case she marries again. Click the Bible to visit the new StudyLight.org being developed!! over roasts or over salts it,) who appeal also to Deuteronomy 24:1. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament, Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, But I say unto you; that whosoever shall put away his wife, whosoever shall marry her that is divorced, committeth adultery. Acts 5:32. Committeth adultery. I have therefore translated λογου πορνειας, on account of whoredom. Among the Jews, divorce was the easiest thing in the world. A disposition to heal men of sin is a greater manifestation of Divine rectitude than to exterminate sin by punishment. And this seems to be agreeable to the law in Deuteronomy. воде см. Matthew 5:22. The Romish Church, in theory, takes the former view, the Greek and most Reformed Churches the latter; while some codes, like those of some countries in modern Europe, go back to the looser interpretation of Deuteronomy 24:1, and allow the divorce à vinculo for many lesser causes than incontinence. However, some contend that it is not that simple. Yet, as by unlawful custom she could marry again, in such cases the husband dismissing her occasioned the adultery. He took up the great precepts of the law, repeated them, and then added, "But I say unto you," going on to indicate his own teachings as superior to those of the law (Matthew 5:32,34,39,44; 5:32,34,39,44 ). Jesus never taught anything at one time that disagreed with what he taught at another. Jesus' teaching was promulgated by him as being superior to that of Moses. But those who marry as passion or money lead the way, may be justly considered adulterers and adulteresses as long as they live. This, then, seems the true law of divorce for the Church of Christ as such to recognise. Commentary on Matthew 5:1,2 (Read Matthew 5:1,2) None will find happiness in this world or the next, who do not seek it from Christ by the rule of his word. The bond of marriage is perpetual; and what God hath joined, no power on earth can separate. vinculo indissolub. But if she depart - Contrary to this express prohibition. Matthew 5, Coffman Commentaries on the Bible, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a verse level look at the Bible. "But divorce was allowed by Moses;" yes, for the hardness of their hearts it was permitted: but what was permitted to an uncircumcised heart among the Jews, should not serve for a rule to a heart in which the love of God has been shed abroad by the Holy Spirit. Matthew 27:15. Leviticus 24:20) or not (cf. 9. Saving for the cause of fornication - Λογου πορνειας, on account of whoredom. Maketh her to commit adultery, not by the fact of her being divorced, but in view of the extremely probable case of another marriage. Hell-fire (τήν γέενναν τοῦ πυρός) Rev., more accurately, the hell of fire. The words causeth her to commit adultery imply that the “putting away” was legally a divorce à vinculo, leaving the wife, and à fortiori the husband, at liberty to marry again; for otherwise she could not have incurred the guilt of adultery by a second marriage: but it asserts that in such a case, when divorce was obtained on any other ground than the specific sin which violated the essence of the marriage contract, man’s law (even that of Moses) was at variance with the true eternal law of God. It hath been said … - That is, by Moses, Deuteronomy 24:1-2. But Moses found the people so much hardened; so long accustomed to the practice, and so rebellious, that, as a matter of civil appointment, he thought it best not to attempt any change. This is now the law of God. Matthew 5:32 - but I say to you that everyone who divorces his wife, except for the reason of unchastity, makes her commit adultery; and whoever marries a divorced woman commits adultery. This verse should be considered in connection with chapter19:9 which is a fuller statement. (Bristow). conjug. The force of the original is best given thus. (Matthew 5:31) But I tell you that anyone who divorces his wife, except for marital unfaithfulness, causes her to become an adulteress, and anyone who marries the divorced woman commits adultery. Verse 11. More resources, better tools and easier navigation Test drive it and tell us about your experience. whosoever shall marry her that is divorced, committeth adultery; because the divorced woman he marries, and takes to his bed; is legally the wife of another man; and it may be added, from Matthew 19:9 that her husband, who has put her away, upon any other account than fornication, should he marry another woman, would be guilty of the same crime. Touching the Untouchable Matthew 8:1-4; 2. Should touch them. But I tell you that anyone who divorces his wife, except for sexual immorality, makes her the victim of adultery, and anyone who marries a divorced woman commits adultery. There was considerable difference of opinion among the Jews for what causes the husband was permitted to do this. Both Matthew and Mark use ἰσχύοντες , the strong. Committeth adultery — By marrying her who is still bound by an unbroken marriage tie to her former husband, who has unlawfully dismissed her. Commentary on Matthew 5:3-12 (Read Matthew … Besides, a woman divorced for adultery would be stoned, according to the law, and there is here no reference to infidelity on the part of the man. (Witham) --- The know of marriage is so sacred a tie, that the separation of the parties cannot loosen it, it being not lawful for either of the parties to marry again upon a divorce. Whosoever shall marry her that is divorced — That is, thus unlawfully divorced, and so not divorced at all. A real Christian ought rather to beg of God the grace to bear patiently and quietly the imperfections of his wife, than to think of the means of being parted from her. Jordan - Many of the best MSS. No Barnes text on this verse. 32.Causeth her to commit adultery. The other maintained that adultery only could justify it. A divorce or separation as to bed and board, may be permitted for some weighty causes in Christian marriage; but even then, he that marrieth her that is dismissed, commits adultery. Exodus 21:24)–the judges of ancient Israel were expected to authorize the law of … Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. But unless his wife also is guilty of immorality the husband is not permitted to marry another. Now at that feast, &c.— Pilate had already sent Jesus to Herod, having learned that he belonged to Galilee; and Herod had sent him back to him. on StudyLight.org chap. Ephesians 5:22-23) is the basis of social morality. Home > Study Desk. Matthew 3:11, and my Commentary on Hebrews, Hebrews 6:1,2. See notes on Matthew 19:1-12. But I say unto you; that whosoever shall put away his wife,.... Christ does not infringe, or revoke the original grant, or permission of divorce; only frees it from the false interpretations, and ill use, the Pharisees made of it; and restores the ancient sense of it, in which only it was to be understood: for a divorce was allowable in no case. The husband was directed, if he put his wife away, to give her a bill of divorce, that is a certificate of the fact she had been his wife, and that he had dissolved the marriage. 2056 i.e. Adam Clarke Commentary. The mere putting away of a wife does not constitute adultery, for there may be cases where a man would have to put his wife from him in order that he might live a Christian life. Wherever harm is committed–whether intentional (cf. But now I tell you. A woman might be guiltless as far as the intimate subject is concerned, and yet develop such a character and conduct herself in such a manner as to prevent a man from doing his full duty as a disciple of Christ; this idea is taught in chapter10:34-39. The truth was, however, that the husband exercised this right at pleasure; that he was judge in the case, and dismissed his wife when and for what cause he chose. He taught them what was the evil they should abhor, and what the good they should seek and abound in. For so it is written, "The house of Shammai say, a man may not put away his wife, unless he finds some uncleanness in her, according to Deuteronomy 24:1 The house of Hillell say, if she should spoil his food, (that is, as Jarchi and Bartenora explain it, burns it either at the fire, or with salt, i.e. Causeth her; exposeth her to commit adultery; because, according to the law of Christ’s kingdom, her marriage to another man will be regarded as adultery. Loose notions about divorce indicate and increase unchastity. The word Gehenna, rendered hell, occurs outside of the Gospels only at James 3:6. Ephesians 4 Ephesians 6 Chapter 5. not on account of fornication, i.e. John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, John Lightfoot's Commentary on the Gospels, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture, Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament. Matthew 5:32. That is, thus unlawfully divorced, and so not divorced at all. But see the notes at Matthew 19:4-9. The Romanists claim that this includes one divorced for the sufficient cause just mentioned, but it is doubtful, since, grammatically, the reference is still to the one divorced on insufficient grounds. See again Matthew xix. Matthew 5:31. Matthew 5:32. On that day, He will judge between the blessed and the cursed – He both knows and explains what are the requirements for the blessed one. MATTHEW CHAPTER 19 Verses 1-12. Matthew 5:32 - WYC - But Y seie to you, that euery man that leeueth... Study verse in the The Wycliffe Bible (1395) And whosoever shall marry her that is divorced [for anything short of conjugal infidelity], committeth adultery - for if the commandment is broken by the one party, it must be by the other also. Fornication, or unchastity. Keener is a tremendously distinguished scholar. Compare Matthew 19:13. Verse 13. Nor has any man or set of men - any legislature or any court, civil or ecclesiastical - a right to interfere, and declare that divorces may be granted for any other cause. This high ideal of the marriage union (comp. General Search for 'Matthew 5:31-32' within 'New American Standard Version' on StudyLight.org It does not appear that there is any other case in which Jesus Christ admits of divorce. That is, should lay his hands on them, and pray for them, and bless them. One of their famous schools maintained that it might be done for any cause, however trivial. The Cost of Discipleship or Fickle Followers Matthew 8:14-22; 4. Neither would the wife who is put away for some cause other than immorality have the right to marry another under the regulations of the kingdom of heaven that Jesus was soon to set up. p. 4 f.;Maier’s note on 1 Corinthians 7:11; but also Keim, who sees in them the correction of a subsequent age) is justified neither by critical evidence, which Keim himself admits, nor by the following ὁ ἀπολελ. This use of the verb in its primary sense, to be in sound health, is found in Luke 7:10 ; Luke 15:27 ; and once in John, 3Ep. In addition to all this, the Spirit-dove remained visibly upon the Lord. 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