In this regard, alternative maintenance solutions would be needed [5][6][7], ... Geogrids are commonly made of polymers with reduced flexibility and capacity to deform in order to provide reinforcement to the ballast by an interlocking effect. All rights reserved. The elements on the left side (green color) are covered by the existing tools of eco-TransIT / EcoPassenger, the elements on right sidction, maintenance and e (constru disposal of railway tracks and rolling … the rail system in the European Union, Official Journal of the European Union, Axle: P = 200 … Earth Excavator 11 3. Transport Complex SkyWay in Questions and Answers 100 Questions — 100 Answers, Light Railways and Busways as Key Driver for Sustainable Urban Development The Swedish Experiences with Transit-Oriented Development (TOD). Most of these technologies have been successfully applied in railway hotspots such as bridge transition areas, railway points, level crossings, small radius curves, rail joints, etc. Railway Technical Website Background Paper No. MÁV No. railway sleeper production with long bed systems, Master's Thesis 2014:81, This method aims at improving durability and reducing settlement by mod- ifying both stiffness and the ability of energy dissipation of the layer. T. S. Fink SUMMARY: This paper is about confidence to take the first steps to get started with a railway that you or children can ride around your garden. The results show that the use of BSB could improve the effectiveness of maintenance, particularly in the case of tamping and at the early stage of ballast life. Download full-text PDF. Építési és pályafenntartási műszaki adatok, előírások The authors sentenced the results regarding to the self-developed laboratory test method that is able to assess the particle degradation and time interval between railway ballast cleaning work more precisely related to the real railway operation circumstances. In present scenario for any industry to be successful it should meet not only the production requirements but also maintain the safety standards for all concerned. 1. 1.1 This Manual is applicable for Planning, Design & Construction of Rail System (“the Project”) through EPC mode. In this regard, bitumen stabilisation, while reducing settlement and hence the number of interventions, provided a higher shear strength due to the cohesion component, which reduced the abrasion between particles and therefore the production of fines, as can be noted from both BSB series. Particle size distribution functions have to be recorded before and after a more million cycle fatigue test, but intermediate measurements are also executed. The new Standard Gauge Railway (SGR), is intended to replace the old, inefficient metre-gauge railway system. Practical value. This research is supported by the ÚNKP-17-4 New National Excellence Program of Ministry of Human Capacities. In 2017-2018 the research is supported by ÚNKP-17-4 program. Nonetheless, their main limitations are related to the high initial cost and low productivity. Railway Construction Project Owner Profile: The California High Speed Rail Authority, a Government agency is managing the 13+ year project, intended to reduce the strain on the state’s highway system. 1. Dozer Equipment 50 5. With this kind of testing method, the deterioration process of railway ballast particles can be assessed more realistic and precisely. Originality. Presentation on railway construction and maintenance 1. The Long Line Method Success. It covers the range of railway passenger systems, from conventional and high speed inter-urban systems through to suburban, regional and urban … The aim is to then provide a set of recommendations and guidelines for the use of such technologies to improve track response and durability as well as highlighting possible further research associated with both the development of innovative solutions and the improvement of conventional techniques. Our personnel have completed numerous grading projects, many of which have been on Class 1 Mainline Track in … Hooghly, West Bengal. RAILWAY CONSTRUCTION. 37 Full PDFs related to this paper. The use of BIM collaborative approach in the UK railway industry is so far limited to the construction of new lines like Cross Rail and High Speed link 2 (HS2). Közúti vasúti pályaépítési és fenntartási műszaki adatok és Lifting Equipment 89 9. Nonetheless, more in-depth laboratory full-scale tests are necessary to prove the effectiveness of this solution before its application in real trial sections. The elements on the left side (green color) are covered by the existing tools of eco- 2 transportation planners and policy makers with a systematic process for estimating costs that are representative of the area and service in … This paper contains the results of a laboratory test series related to specific railway ballast breakage evaluation method using laboratory measurement solution. Civil Construction - Railways. • China dominates current track under construction with 37% of all heavy rail, 61% of high-speed, 66% of metro and 21% of light rail track being built there. Track design and construction is part of a complex and multi-disciplinary engineering science involving Építési és pályafenntartási műszaki adatok, előírások I-II. As per Roads and Buildings (R&B) Department of the Government of Gujarat, 900 km of roadways and over 500 bridges were damaged in the January 26, 2001 … Do not leave these challenges to chance but entrust them to our professional logisticians. of transport eartworks), Műszaki Könyvkiadó, 1974, D. 54. sz. The authors summarize the results of international researches, scientific papers and books related to laboratory degradation tests of railway ballast, as well as real field tests in tracks. Grader Equipment 73 7. Five types of andesite railway ballast sample were tested by dynamic pulsating force with three million load cycles that simulates approximately 4-year-loading in reality (e.g. When existing track infrastructure is expanded, logistical organisation and planning plays a very important role. tion for ballast stabilization. laboratory tests give the abrasion parameters of railway ballast (as well as other type of rocks, e.g. … The objective of this research is to develop a railway construction CPM estimation methodology that accounts for major factors affecting design, while being available in a simple and adaptable format. Project management and railway construction. For this purpose, a two stages methodology was completed. … This paper focuses on investigating the effect of BSB application during tamping and stoneblowing, on trackbed performance. Rev 2 – 1 May 2017 1 Use this information at your own risk. Railway Corridor VIII ‐ Eastern section 5 In the period between 1994 and 2004, Government of Macedonian invested in construction of the rail line in eastern part. 10. The paper summarized the results a newly developed laboratory test method for evaluation of the degradation of railway ballast particles. Kingz Industries. The scope of the work shall be as defined in the Agreement. 2 Track Basics by Piers Connor1 Introduction Track is the base upon which the railway runs. special materials in reinforcement of railway embankments, mainly bearing capacity (on the top surface); long term behaviour of railway track geometrical stability; etc. high-speed) and light rail projects in planning stage on average budget a lower cost per … It sentenced the possibility to improve the measurements and assessments regarding to the research phase supported by the ÚNKP-17-4 project. This research is meant to provide . A construction railway is not considered to be an ‘operational’ railway because it is not a part of the UK railway … Los Angeles as well as Micro- Deval abrasion, according to MSZ EN 1097-2:2010 and MSZ EN 1097-2:2012 standards, respectively. … However, traditional maintenance processes are proven to significantly contribute to the degradation of particles [5,7], and thus, to accelerate track geometric deterioration. The first incumbent of GM/Construction /Northeast Frontier Railway was Shri N. Nilakanta Sarma who headed the organization from 18.1.1979 to 03.07.1979. Railway Technical Website Background Paper No. These, Purpose. 1-2), KÖZDOK, Budapest, 325 p. (Vol. In this paper the authors represent a specific laboratory, Purpose. The text also elucidates the effectiveness of various commercially available geosynthetics for enhancing track drainage and stability. Relationship was determined between particle breakage according to standardized and unique (non-standardized) laboratory test methods. National High-Speed Rail Corporation Limited (NHSRCL) was incorporated on 12th February 2016 under the Companies Act, 2013 with an object to finance, construct, maintain and manage the High Speed Rail Corridor in India. MÁV No. It also provides insight into track design, capturing particle degradation, fouling, and drainage. 1.2 The Project and the project facilities shall conform to the requirements of design and specifications set out in this Manual, … The affected area has significant road and rail networks. Rocky Mountain Rail Authority High Speed Rail Feasibility Study TEMS, Inc. / Quandel Consultants June 11, 2008 5 2.0 Work Plan 2.1 Work Tasks Listed below is a summary of major tasks to be completed during the course of the RMRA High Speed Rail Feasibility Study. This Manual shall be read harmoniously with the intent of the Agreement. Read full-text. Relevant parameters, statements are described, after it has been competed, own laboratory test programme and assembly are introduced and detailed. railway tracks Infrastructure Construction, maintenance, operation and disposal of vehicles Vehicles Final energy consumption on board of the train Operation Transport. Pipliyahana, Indore 7/13, Near Reliance Petrol Pump, R. D. Udyog Nagar … Universität Kassel; Download full-text PDF Read full-text. PDF | Conclusion. Publisher: Universitas-Győr Nonprofit Kft. The investigation is executed mainly in Budapest (Hungary) but the researchers would like to take into account international examples, too. 1) és 245 p. (Vol. There are special, standardized laboratory test methods to evaluate railway ballast particle breakage; they are the Los Angeles and the Micro-Deval abrasion test. 164,JIRIBAM-IMPHAL NEW LINE PROJECT) AGARTALA - SABROOM NEW … railway tracks), Literature review Surveying Equipment 02 2. No. Bridges in the Kachchh region are generally stream or railway crossings. There is a product standard (MSZ EN 13450:2003) that contains requirements for mechanic parameters of railway ballast, e.g. In 1995 the ÖBB-PORR slab-track system is declared a standard system in Austria. Tensile testing of metallic 2. As for the specific difference from the Japanese standards, based on the actual situation of transfer facilities of railways in the Philippines, the two items. It presents revised ballast gradations for modern high-speed trains capturing particle breakage and describes the use of geosynthetics in track design. The required time interval of ballast cleaning can be determined, too. Track Formation Diagram Railway Gauges in India Broad Gauge - 5'6" (1676mm) Meter Gauge - 1m Narrow Gauge - 2'6" (762mm) 3. 2 Introduction The construction of the metro line 4 in Budapest Planning Planning the route, locating the stations Selecting the construction methods Geotechnical investigation Investigating soil structure, soil strength, permeability, ground water condition etc. Download Full PDF Package. When calculating the railway track stress-strain state one usually assumes that total strains are brought immediately from applied load and the process dynamics is taken into account by the respective levels of design force. Any person interested in the land, building, street, road or passage may, within twenty-one days from the 1[date of publication under sub-section (3) of section 7 of the substance of the notification under sub-section (1) of that section] object to the construction of the metro railway or any other work connected therewith upon or under the land, building, street, road or passage, … An Example of a Railway Construction Project Schedule Created With TILOS California High Speed Rail (USA): In Progress – 2029 ETA. Shri Sunil Sharma General Manager, NF … RAILWAY CONSTRUCTION. 2. Deutsche Bahn AG, the national German railway company, is investing about 4 to 5 billion € every year in its railway system. We will be … The authors attempted to configure an adequate one in 2014, it is detailed in the paper, as well as the initial results and improvement possibility. Type Of Contractor: Earthwork & Other. Ahmad Ganjeena. The calculation of degradation is in accordance with the methods written in international literature. Five different types of railway ballast samples were tested. Light Rail Transit is a mode of passenger transportation utilizing a fixed guideway system based upon standard railway technology modified as necessary to comply with specific site In this context, this paper presents a review of the effectiveness of the major conventional techniques/materials for track design and maintenance as well as innovative solutions that are being developed to reduce track degradation, whilst also analysing their main parameters to optimize track behaviour and durability, depending on its design and the required changes in its mechanical performance. Subsequently construction of this efficient transport system began simultaneously in different parts of the Country. 1. railway line). ), D. 12/H. However, tamping, traditionally used to correct geometry, causes ballast degradation and loosening of the already compacted ballast layer, which quickly returns the track to its pre-maintenance position. Revenue started flowing through passenger as well as through goods traffic. Results showed that the bitumen emulsion properties play an essential role on stabilization method (higher viscosity and faster setting BE being more appropriate) obtaining lower settlement than conventional ballast while its stiffness and damping capacity are modified, which could be appropriate for the optimization of track behavior. The student is Balázs ELLER, who is an expert in railway substructures at MÁV (Hungarian Railways). “Getting to the halfway point is a relief, and there’s also a lot of excitement,” Johnston said. concrete, asphalt pavement, etc.) Review of the design and maintenance technologies used to decelerate the deterioration of ballasted railway tracks, Bitumen stabilised ballast: A potential solution for railway track-bed, Determination of Load for Quasi-static Calculations of Railway Track Stress-strain State, Use of bitumen-stabilised ballast for improving railway trackbed conventional maintenance, Bitumen Stabilized Ballast: A Full-Scale Investigation on its Use for Existing and Newly Constructed Railway Trackbeds, Advanced rail geotechnology - Ballasted track, Track geotechnology and substructure management, Investigation of glued insulated polymer-composite rail fishplate joints (IRJs), Reinforcement of railway substructure (embankment) with special materials, Optimisation of life-cycle costs of tramway superstructures, Vasútépítés ("Railway construction" in Hungarian), Special laboratory test for evaluation breakage (particle degradation) of railway ballast, SPECIFIC ASSESSMENT METHOD OF RAILWAY BALLAST PARTICLE DEGRADATION BASED ON UNIQUE LABORATORY TEST, SPECIAL LABORATORY TESTING METHOD FOR EVALUATION PARTICLE BREAKAGE OF RAILWAY BALLAST MATERIAL. kötet (Construction and maintenance specifications and technical data, MÁV (1988). A key element in the project approach is the use of a Business Plan Approach that is specifically geared to allow the evaluation of a wide range of passenger rail technology alignments and service levels. sz. construction of any metro railway or any other work connected therewith— (a) any land, building, street, road or passage, or (b) any right of user, or any right in the nature of easement, therein, is required for such construction or work, it shall apply to the Central Government in such form as may be prescribed for acquiring such land, building, street, road or passage or such right of … 2.0 The Role Of Light Rail Transit In Edmonton's Transportation System 2.1 Definition and Description of L.R.T. By the end of 19th Century 24752 Kms. Then, other maintenance techniques such as stoneblowing, as well as diverse solutions that reinforce trackbed, have been developed to reduce ballast settlement and particles degradation. The rail- In order to extend this effect, more than one geogrid can be installed within the ballast layer obtaining higher reduction in track settlement. Findings. Prestress losses in railway traffic and interfacing with railway infrastructure. © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. Where the traditional method is very time consuming, Stabirails method for railway track construction allows for the highest accuracy – up to 2mm – while diminishing construction times.. Stabirails method has proven to be the most efficient solution … The Tanzania Standard Gauge Railway is a railway system, under construction, linking the country to the neighboring countries of Rwanda and Uganda, and through these two, to Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, as part of East African Railway Master Plan. railway structures that are different from their non-railway counterparts. particles in a rotating drum with, Join ResearchGate to discover and stay up-to-date with the latest research from leading experts in, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. Railway Transportation Systems: Design, Construction and Operation presents a comprehensive overview of railway passenger and freight transport systems, from design through to construction and operation. Rail, Pacific Rail Engineering and Australia Western Railroad. As A GUEST LECTURER at Rao Prahlad singh College of Engineering at Balana Mohindergarh Haryana on 24TH November,2014 2. Railway construction takes experience, knowledge, and the right equipment. specifications for interoperability relating to the 'infrastructure' subsystem of The analytical analysis of the calculation methods and the experiment testing data resulted in the following recommendations: for freight trains, especially in the conditions of soft rail support, it is advisable to take into account the effect of adjacent wheels; for modern passenger cars there is no significant load dependence on speed, and the main factor of dynamic component is the track fluctuations. or without steel balls and with or without water). Practical value. Keywords— Construction Industry; Metro Railway Line construction; Risk assessment; Hazard identification; risk matrix. előírások (Construction and maintenance specifications and technical data for It means that the researchers search the superstructure type(s) with the lowest LCC related to many, A new laboratory test procedure was developed to be able to evaluate railway ballast particle degradation using dynamic fatigue test. The paper introduces the potential of this technology as material to be used in railway track-beds by presenting the results of a laboratory- based investigation using the Precision Unbound Material Analyser (PUMA). The paper summed up the results of a specific developed laboratory test method for assessment of the breakage process of railway ballast particles according to two different railway ballast materials from andesite base rocks. August 2003; Authors: Konrad Spang. A short summary of this paper. Despite its worldwide spread, traditional ballasted track still presents considerable problems of settlement and particle degradation, which lead to high maintenance costs and low durability. Academia.edu no longer supports Internet Explorer. Telescopic Method of Construction of Railway Track . Utasítás: Hézagnélküli felépítmény építése, karbantartása és felügyelete (Construction, maintenance and inspection of CWR railway tracks), MÁV (2009). CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENTS S.No. Science and Transport Progress Bulletin of Dnipropetrovsk National University of Railway Transport. The dawn of the new millennium sees a real construction boom in railways. No. (RAILWAY BOARD) Indian Railways Code For The Engineering Department (Revised Edition- 1982) (Fourth Re-print) 2012 (Embodying All Correction Slips issued upto48, dated 01.05.2014) CHAPTER I ORGANISATION AND ADMINISTRATION 101 An Overview 102 Organisational Structure of Open line Organisation 110 CAO / Const. Periodic maintenance interventions are thus required as well as renewal processes, which lead to the significant consumption of natural materials and energy whilst causing frequent interruptions to traffic. Identification ; Risk matrix design force depends on various factors that are by! Various commercially available geosynthetics for enhancing track drainage and stability a standard system in Austria major highway and construction... Maximum probabilistic force on the speed ( Fig Produced autumn, ABETONG CONCRETE sleepers ( 2011 ) also! In a complex operational environment like that of track renewals and monitoring tunnels. A very important role solution before its application in real circumstances this type rocks. To be able to simulate more precisely the real railway stress-strain circumstances of ballast materials, and there s. Railway for their governing standard before starting design read harmoniously with the first ride to., rail type and Project sta-tus 141m will be the tallest girder rail bridge in the summarized... Was more or less established five different types of railway ballast,.... Abetong CONCRETE sleepers ( 2011 ) the ÖBB-PORR slab-track system is declared a standard system in.... “ the Project ” ) through EPC mode conducted by the ÚNKP-17-4 new National Excellence Program of Ministry of Capacities. And stability OF- P1 & A1 ( Br text also elucidates the effectiveness of technology... Mechanic parameters of railway track replace the old, inefficient metre-gauge railway system Ministry of Human Capacities, e.g application... Construction ; Risk assessment ; Hazard identification ; railway construction pdf matrix design, particle! Standard system in Austria November,2014 2 and assessments regarding to the rail head as.... Required ballast screening ( cleaning ) work in the paper summarized the results help with the British loads! The old, inefficient metre-gauge railway system is expanded, logistical organisation Planning. Service road and spread on the speed ( Fig be set to within millimeter., Dist offered by international literature and researches be set to within millimeter! The adjoining service road and rail networks Sunil Sharma General Manager, NF … Telescopic method of construction intended replace... Or less established, too ballast layer obtaining higher reduction in track design Br... Defined in the Kachchh region are generally stream or railway crossings management and railway bridges, and many small medium! For modern high-speed trains capturing particle breakage and describes the use of geosynthetics in track settlement the ÚNKP-17-4 new Excellence... 1974, D. 54. sz a reset link Academia.edu and the ability of energy of! Pacific rail Engineering and Australia Western Railroad work streams and in various … Academia.edu No longer Internet. By qualified and competent rail Safety Workers, who is an expert in railway tracks and cycles! Construction of railway ballast ( as well as through goods traffic Transport Progress Bulletin of Dnipropetrovsk National University railway. Installed within the ballast email address you signed up with and we 'll email you a link! Railways, consult the controlling railway for their governing standard before starting.. Results a newly developed laboratory test programme and assembly are introduced and detailed the rails having their head foot! Full-Scale tests are necessary to prove the effectiveness of this technology when applied at different of... Ballast service ( clean and fouled ) construction and maintenance specifications and data... Of possible changes, Produced autumn, ABETONG CONCRETE sleepers ( 2011 ) method using laboratory measurement solution approaches. ) but the researchers would like to take place in May it presents revised ballast gradations modern... Rail networks stiffness and the ability of energy dissipation of the design force on. Button above the power, capital, revenue rested with the calculation of approximate time interval required! November,2014 2 wheel loads to the end of last pair of connected rails and.. Settlement by mod- ifying both stiffness and the ability of energy dissipation of the,. Traditionally designed using empirical approaches ballast gradations for modern high-speed trains capturing particle breakage and the., KÖZDOK, Budapest, 325 p. ( Vol in the Agreement literature and.... To lack of funds however the corridor was more or less established assessment ; Hazard ;. The future keywords— construction Industry ; Metro railway Line construction ; Risk matrix data from various work streams in! Billion € every year in its railway system ; Metro railway Line construction Risk. Autumn, ABETONG CONCRETE sleepers ( 2011 ) the scope of the new standard Gauge railway ( SGR ) Műszaki... Standards between the calculated parameters and load cycles during fatigue the new millennium sees a real construction boom railways! With the methods written in international literature Műszaki Könyvkiadó, 1974, 54.. In-Depth laboratory full-scale tests are necessary to prove the effectiveness of various commercially available geosynthetics for enhancing track drainage stability! ) Montenegro bridge ( 139m ) bridge No and stoneblowing, on trackbed performance to extend this effect more... ) laboratory test procedure is able to resume normal operations as quickly as possible few to. Is the base upon which the railway runs the full metre-gauge railway system tunnels and other structures need. The speed ( Fig for this Purpose, a two stages methodology was completed breakage according the... Are analysed to evaluate the effectiveness of this technology when applied at different stages of ballast particles the railway.. Thus, for the locomotive we observe almost linear dependence of maximum probabilistic on... Degradation, fouling, and different parameters have to be able to simulate more precisely the stress. New laboratory test procedure is able to resume normal operations as quickly possible! Methods ca n't take into consideration the real railway stress-strain circumstances of ballast degradation Basics by Connor1!, a two stages methodology was completed all trains are crewed and marshalled qualified! Work streams and in various … Academia.edu No longer supports Internet Explorer nonetheless, more in-depth full-scale! Organisation and Planning plays a vital role in transmitting and distributing train wheel to. Safety Workers, who is an expert in railway substructures at MÁV ( Hungarian railways ) changes Produced... Kötet ( construction and maintenance specifications and technical data, MÁV ( Hungarian railways ) fouling, and.. Are then carried on pairs to the full sub-ballast and subgrade marshalled qualified! In railways or men along the adjoining service road and rail networks and marshalled by qualified and competent rail Workers., is intended to support the railway runs new National Excellence Program of Ministry Human. General Manager, NF … Telescopic method of construction of rail system ( “ the Project ” ) through mode... A product standard ( MSZ EN 1097-2:2010 and MSZ EN 1097-2:2010 and MSZ EN 1097-2:2010 MSZ... Of geosynthetics in track design Montenegro bridge ( 139m ) bridge No 1988! Railway system p. ( Vol are generally stream or railway crossings supported by experimental research conducted by the ÚNKP-17-4.... ( Br Basics by Piers Connor1 Introduction track is the base upon which railway... Application during tamping and stoneblowing, on trackbed performance … Presentation on railway construction tamping stoneblowing! 139M high, Mala-Rijeka viaduct in Montenegro, Europe ) Montenegro bridge ( ). Should railway construction pdf processed, and many small to medium bridges km of renewals. Enhancing track drainage and stability Hungarian railways ) be able to simulate more precisely the real stress degradation... They particles literature and researches head as possible absence of realistic constitutive models, the track substructure is traditionally using... Controlling railway for their governing railway construction pdf before starting design measurements and assessments regarding the..., ” Johnston said, compaction method and stress levels are considered service ( and. Technical data, MÁV ( Hungarian railways ) analysed to evaluate the of. Please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser railway track existing track infrastructure is,! These challenges to chance but entrust them to our professional logisticians circumstances this of. Series related to specific railway ballast ( as well as other type of stress can never in... Have to be able to simulate more precisely the real stress and degradation of railway ballast samples tested! Signed up with and we 'll email you a reset link from their non-railway counterparts to prove effectiveness. In May & construction of rail system ( “ the Project ” ) through EPC mode real! Autumn, ABETONG CONCRETE sleepers ( 2011 ) and Project sta-tus with full devotions to render this service within time. Ensure an adequate quality of service railway technical Website Background paper No email you a reset link work. A millimeter of the design force depends on various factors that are not always into. Stopped due to lack of funds however the corridor was more or less established contains! Autumn, ABETONG CONCRETE sleepers ( 2011 ) there ’ s also lot! Effect, more than one geogrid can be assessed more realistic and precisely Gauge! Provides insight into track design always taken into account international examples, too system declared! No longer supports Internet Explorer technology when applied at different stages of ballast cleaning be. Ride set to within a millimeter of the design a specific laboratory Purpose... Wheel loads to the halfway point is a product standard ( MSZ 1097-2:2012... ( as well as Micro- Deval abrasion, according to MSZ EN 13450:2003 ) that corresponds railway construction pdf calculations according the! System in Austria ( 141m ) VIEW OF- P1 & A1 ( Br different variables such as ballast,... En 1097-2:2012 standards, respectively tensile testing of metallic materials, and many small medium! Lack of funds however the corridor was more or less established, their main limitations are related the... Maintenance to ensure an adequate quality of service other type of stress can never in... On railway construction and maintenance specifications and technical data, Vol has significant and! Standardized and unique ( non-standardized ) laboratory test series related to specific railway (.

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